This document is relevant for: Inf1

Deploy a TensorFlow Resnet50 model as a Kubernetes service#

This tutorial uses Resnet50 model as a teaching example on how to deploy an inference application using Kubernetes on the Inf1 instances.


  • Kubernetes environment setup for Neuron: to setup k8s support on your cluster.

  • Inf1 instances as worker nodes with attached roles allowing:

    • ECR read access policy to retrieve container images from ECR: arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/AmazonEC2ContainerRegistryReadOnly

    • S3 access to retrieve saved_model from within tensorflow serving container.

Deploy a TensorFlow Serving application image#

A trained model must be compiled to an Inferentia target before it can be deployed on Inferentia instances. To continue, you will need a Neuron optimized TensorFlow model saved in Amazon S3. If you don’t already have a SavedModel, please follow the tutorial for creating a Neuron compatible ResNet50 model and upload the resulting SavedModel to S3.

ResNet-50 is a popular machine learning model used for image classification tasks. For more information about compiling Neuron models, see The AWS Inferentia Chip With DLAMI in the AWS Deep Learning AMI Developer Guide.

The sample deployment manifest manages a pre-built inference serving container for TensorFlow provided by AWS Deep Learning Containers. Inside the container is the AWS Neuron Runtime and the TensorFlow Serving application. A complete list of pre-built Deep Learning Containers optimized for Neuron is maintained on GitHub under Available Images. At start-up, the DLC will fetch your model from Amazon S3, launch Neuron TensorFlow Serving with the saved model, and wait for prediction requests.

The number of Neuron devices allocated to your serving application can be adjusted by changing the resource in the deployment yaml. Please note that communication between TensorFlow Serving and the Neuron runtime happens over GRPC, which requires passing the IPC_LOCK capability to the container.

  1. Create a file named rn50_deployment.yaml with the contents below. Update the region-code and model path to match your desired settings. The model name is for identification purposes when a client makes a request to the TensorFlow server. This example uses a model name to match a sample ResNet50 client script that will be used in a later step for sending prediction requests.


  1. Replace the s3 bucket name in model_base_path arg in the file with the location of the where the saved model was stored in s3.

  2. In the image: add the appropriate location of the DLC tensorflow image

kind: Deployment
apiVersion: apps/v1
  name: k8s-neuron-test
    app: k8s-neuron-test
    role: master
  replicas: 2
      app: k8s-neuron-test
      role: master
        app: k8s-neuron-test
        role: master
        - name: k8s-neuron-test
            - /usr/local/bin/
            - --port=8500
            - --rest_api_port=9000
            - --model_name=resnet50_neuron
            - --model_base_path=s3://your-bucket-of-models/resnet50_neuron/
            - containerPort: 8500
            - containerPort: 9000
          imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
            - name: AWS_REGION
              value: "us-east-1"
            - name: S3_USE_HTTPS
              value: "1"
            - name: S3_VERIFY_SSL
              value: "0"
            - name: S3_ENDPOINT
            - name: AWS_LOG_LEVEL
              value: "3"
              cpu: 4
              memory: 4Gi
              cpu: "1"
              memory: 1Gi
                - IPC_LOCK
  1. Deploy the model.

kubectl apply -f rn50_deployment.yaml
  1. Create a file named rn50_service.yaml with the following contents. The HTTP and gRPC ports are opened for accepting prediction requests.

kind: Service
apiVersion: v1
  name: k8s-neuron-test
    app: k8s-neuron-test
  type: ClusterIP
    - name: http-tf-serving
      port: 8500
      targetPort: 8500
    - name: grpc-tf-serving
      port: 9000
      targetPort: 9000
    app: k8s-neuron-test
    role: master
  1. Create a Kubernetes service for your TensorFlow model Serving application.

kubectl apply -f rn50_service.yaml

Make predictions against your TensorFlow Serving service#

  1. To test locally, forward the gRPC port to the k8s-neuron-test service.

kubectl port-forward service/k8s-neuron-test 8500:8500 &
  1. Create a Python script called with the following content. This script runs inference via gRPC, which is service framework.

import numpy as np
import grpc
import tensorflow as tf
from tensorflow.keras.preprocessing import image
from tensorflow.keras.applications.resnet50 import preprocess_input
from tensorflow_serving.apis import predict_pb2
from tensorflow_serving.apis import prediction_service_pb2_grpc
from tensorflow.keras.applications.resnet50 import decode_predictions

if __name__ == '__main__':
    channel = grpc.insecure_channel('localhost:8500')
    stub = prediction_service_pb2_grpc.PredictionServiceStub(channel)
    img_file = tf.keras.utils.get_file(
    img = image.load_img(img_file, target_size=(224, 224))
    img_array = preprocess_input(image.img_to_array(img)[None, ...])
    request = predict_pb2.PredictRequest() = 'resnet50_inf1'
        tf.make_tensor_proto(img_array, shape=img_array.shape))
    result = stub.Predict(request)
    prediction = tf.make_ndarray(result.outputs['output'])

3. Run the script to submit predictions to your service.


Your output should look like the following:
[[(u'n02123045', u'tabby', 0.68817204), (u'n02127052', u'lynx', 0.12701613), (u'n02123159', u'tiger_cat', 0.08736559), (u'n02124075', u'Egyptian_cat', 0.063844085), (u'n02128757', u'snow_leopard', 0.009240591)]]

This document is relevant for: Inf1