TensorFlow 2.x FAQ

How do I get started with TensorFlow?

The easiest entry point is the tutorials offered by the AWS Neuron team. For beginners, the HuggingFace Pipelines distilBERT Tutorial is a good place to start.

What TensorFlow versions are supported by Neuron?

The AWS Neuron provide well-tested tensorflow-neuron packages that work with a range of tensorflow official releases, as long as the version of tensorflow-neuron matches that of tensorflow. For example, you may install tensorflow-neuron== on top of tensorflow==2.3.3 and expect them to work together.

Currently, tensorflow-neuron can work with tensorflow versions 2.1.4, 2.2.3, 2.3.3, 2.4.2, 2.5.0.

In a fresh Python environment, pip install tensorflow-neuron would bring in the highest version (2.5.0 as of 07/13/2021), which then pulls tensorflow==2.5.0 into the current environment.

If you already have a particular version of tensorflow 2.x installed, then it is recommended to pay attention to the precise version of tensorflow-neuron and only install the desired one. For example, in an existing Python environment with tensorflow==2.3.3 installed, you may install tensorflow-neuron by pip install tensorflow-neuron==2.3.3, which will reuse the existing tensorflow installation.

What operators are supported?

Due to fundamental backend design changes in the TensorFlow 2.x framework, the concept of “supported graph operators” is no longer well-defined. Please refer to Accelerated Python APIs and graph operators for a guide to the set of TensorFlow 2.x Python APIs and graph operators that can be accelerated by Neuron.

How do I compile my model?

It is achieved by a new public API called tfn.trace, which resembles the compilation API of AWS Neuron PyTorch integration. Programmatically, customers would be able to execute the following code.

import tensorflow as tf
import tensorflow.neuron as tfn

model = tf.keras.Model(inputs=inputs, outputs=outputs)
model_neuron = tfn.trace(model, example_inputs)
model_loaded = tf.saved_model.load('./model_dir')
predict_func = model_loaded['serving_default']
model_loaded_neuron = tfn.trace(predict_func, example_inputs2)

How do I deploy my model?

Python tensorflow

Pre-compiled models can be saved and reloaded back into a Python environment using regular tensorflow model loading APIs, as long as tensorflow-neuron is installed.

import tensorflow as tf

model = tf.keras.models.load_model('./model_loaded_neuron_dir')
example_inputs = ...
output = model(example_inputs)


Pre-compiled models can be saved into SavedModel format via tensorflow SavedModel APIs

import tensorflow as tf
import tensorflow.neuron as tfn

model = tf.keras.Model(inputs=inputs, outputs=outputs)
model_neuron = tfn.trace(model, example_inputs)
tf.saved_model.save(model_neuron, './model_neuron_dir/1')

The generated SavedModel ‘./model_neuron_dir’ can be loaded into tensorflow-model-server-neuron, which can be installed through apt or yum based on the type of the operating system. For example, on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS the following command installs and launches a tensorflow-model-server-neuron on a pre-compiled SavedModel.

sudo apt install tensorflow-model-server-neuron
# --model_base_path needs to be an absolute path
tensorflow_model_server_neuron --model_base_path=$(pwd)/model_neuron_dir

How to debug or profile my model?

AWS Neuron TensorBoard integration provides visibility into what is happening inside of the Neuron runtime, and allows a more fine-grained (but also more hardware-awared) reasoning on where to improve the performance of machine learning applications.